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Catastrophic failure

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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 21 Catastrophic failure of F-14 nose landing gear cylinder, caused by corrosion-induced fatigue cracking of high-strength steel. Courtesy of S. Binard, Naval Air Depot—Jacksonville More
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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 542 Catastrophic failure of 75-mm (3-in.) diam manganese steel grinding ball after 51,440 severe ball-on-ball impacts in a laboratory test. Composition: 1.21% C, 5.3% Mn, 1.8% Cr, 1.1% Mo, 0.46% Si, 0.1% Ni, and 0.1% Cu. Fracture initiated at an interior crack. (Note another such crack More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 20 Catastrophic failure at internal pressure of a feedwater tank More
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 13 Insufficient backtaper of a reamer can cause catastrophic failure when cutting powder metallurgy materials. In this case, a backtaper of 30 μm per 100 mm (4 in.) of length was not adequate. Increasing the backtaper to 70 μm per 100 mm of length solved the problem. Courtesy of Federal More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 8 Catastrophic pipeline failure involving corrosion. Courtesy of Corrosioneering—the On-line Corrosion Journal More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 26 Catastrophic chain failure (Example 14). (a) Flat fracture through the chain link. (b) Link fracture surface showing somewhat shiny, crystalline features in fan-shaped direction. (c) Near-surface brittle fracture features. Original magnification: 500×. (d) Intergranular brittle More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract Life assessment of structural components is used to avoid catastrophic failures and to maintain safe and reliable functioning of equipment. The failure investigator's input is essential for the meaningful life assessment of structural components. This article provides an overview...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... application and catastrophic failure. This article provides examples of reliable material performance indicators and common practices to avoid failure. Simple tools and techniques for predicting part mechanical performance integrated with manufacturing concerns, such as flow length and cycle time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... to the workpiece-die interface. The article describes the most common types and causes of die wear: abrasive wear, adhesive wear, surface fatigue wear, thermal fatigue wear, and catastrophic failure. It concludes with a discussion on the surface treatment and texturing that are used to reduce die wear in drawing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) occurs under service conditions, which can result, often without any prior warning, in catastrophic failure. Hydrogen embrittlement is distinguished from stress-corrosion cracking generally by the interactions of the specimens with applied currents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract Catastrophic failure best typifies the characteristic behavior of brittle solids in the presence of cracks or crack-like flaws under ambient conditions. This article provides a description of the concepts of fracture mechanics of brittle solids and focuses on the various testing...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 1 Cutting tool failure modes. (a) Characteristic wear and fracture surfaces on cutting tools. (b) Catastrophic failure. (c) Typical wear measurements for a turning tool. VB , flank wear More
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Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 11 Cutting tool failure modes. (a) Characteristic wear and fracture surfaces on cutting tools. (b) Catastrophic failure. (c) Typical wear measurements for a turning tool. VB = flank wear. Source: Ref 9 More
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Published: 01 November 1995
Fig. 30 Plot of crack stability that is due to the R -curve of a material. Crack resistance, R , vs. extension is plotted on the same graph, along with applied strain-energy release rate, G . Catastrophic failure occurs at the stress when G = R c . After Ref 132 More
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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 14 Schematic representation of R -curve behavior. Crack resistance increases with crack length, so catastrophic failure will occur only when the strain energy release rate ( G ) exceeds the critical crack resistance value ( R c ). a o , initial crack size; a c , critical crack size More
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Published: 01 January 1996
) Example of catastrophic failure due to fretting of a flanged joint More
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Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 16 Stress/strain curve for a typical uniaxial ceramic-matrix composite loaded parallel to the fibers. The solid line (A) shows the behavior for strong interfacial bonding and catastrophic failure with the first matrix crack. The dotted line (B) indicates intermediate bonding behavior More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 9 , 10 , 11 ). The FSM can be used to locate the failure origin and determine how the catastrophic crack developed under the influence of the applied and transient stress fields. The FSM also show how the microstructure and processing defects in the material influenced the catastrophic failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... have shown that the allowed local stresses near an access hole will likely exceed those for near-uniform stress fields. The associated concentrated stress fields for an access hole can result in localized damage formation and material softening without catastrophic failure. Composite materials have...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... structural components structural design LIFE ASSESSMENT of structural components is used to avoid catastrophic failures and to maintain safe and reliable functioning of equipment. The articles in the “Structural Life Assessment Methods” Section in this Volume are written to provide an overview...