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Brinell hardness

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... for Brinell hardness numbers and Vickers (diamond pyramid) hardness numbers for steel. Brinell hardness cement carbides nonaustenitic steels Rockwell B hardness Rockwell C hardness steel Vickers hardness white cast iron FROM A PRACTICAL STANDPOINT, it is important to be able to convert...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... − HRB ) (60–90 HRB, 110–192 HB) Stable alpha-beta titanium alloys HRC=0.078 HV+8.1 Table 2 Approximate Rockwell B hardness conversion numbers for nonaustenitic steels Rockwell Superficial Rockwell Vickers Knoop, 500 gf and over Brinell, 3000 kgf, 10 mm ball Tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... equivalent hardness numbers for the Brinell hardness and the Vickers (diamond pyramid) hardness numbers for steel. hardness conversions steel Rockwell hardness nonaustenitic steels Brinell hardness Vickers hardness FROM A PRACTICAL STANDPOINT, it is important to be able to convert the results...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0006001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... for nonaustenitic steels, and approximate equivalent hardness numbers for Brinell and Vickers (diamond pyramid) hardness numbers for steels are provided. Brinell hardness hardness hardness number Rockwell hardness steel Vickers hardness FROM A PRACTICAL STANDPOINT, it is important to be able...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract Hardness testing is perhaps the simplest and the least expensive method of mechanically characterizing a material. This article provides an overview of the principles of hardness testing. It compares Brinell with Meyer hardness testing and hardness testing of fully cold worked metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article describes the principal methods for macroindentation hardness testing by the Brinell, Vickers, and Rockwell methods. For each method, the test types and indenters, scale limitations, testing machines, calibration, indenter selection and geometry, load selection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article reviews the factors that have a significant effect on the selection and interpretation of results of different hardness tests, namely, Brinell, Rockwell, Vickers, and Knoop tests. The factors concerned include hardness level (and scale limitations), specimen thickness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-14, ASTM International 4. “ Standard Test Methods for Bend Testing of Metallic Flat Materials for Spring Applications Involving Static Loading ,” E 855-08, ASTM International , 2013 5. “ Standard Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals Relationship among Brinell Hardness, Vickers Hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0009224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... by dividing the maximum applied load ( P ) by the area of the indentation measured either over the surface of the indenter (Brinell hardness) or in the plane of the surface indented (Meyer hardness). In both the Brinell and Meyer tests, the indenter is a sphere, Fig. 1(a) , and: (Eq 1) H B...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-molded gray cast irons used by the automotive and allied industries. It defines iron grades by a test bar tensile strength/Brinell hardness ratio, hardness grades by hardness alone, and casting grades by a combination of the iron grade, hardness grade, and special requirements. Gray iron is used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Approximate equivalent hardness numbers for wrought aluminum products Brinell hardness No., 500 kgf, 10 mm ball, HBS Vickers hardness No., 15 kgf, HV Rock well hardness No. Rockwell superficial hardness No. B scale, 100 kgf, 1 16 in. ball, HRB E scale, 100 kgf, 1 8 in. ball...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... equivalent hardness numbers for wrought aluminum products Brinell hardness No., 500 kgf, 10 mm ball, HBS Vickers hardness No., 15 kgf, HV Rock well hardness No. Rockwell superficial hardness No. B scale, 100 kgf, 1 16 in. ball, HRB E scale, 100 kgf, 1 8 in. ball, HRE H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006589
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... strength, min, 0.2% offset, MPa (ksi) Elongation in 50 mm (2 in.), % Brinell hardness, 500 kg load, 10 mm (0.4 in.) ball Compressive strength, MPa (ksi) Compressive yield strength, MPa (ksi) T5 290 (42) 260 (38) 1.5 100 … … T51 220 (32) 185 (27) 3.0 85 … … T52 250 (36) 205 (30...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... 15 2.5 35 Table 4 Typical room temperature mechanical properties of die cast 443.0 6 mm (0.25 in.) diam. Property Typical value Tensile strength, MPa (ksi) 228 (33) Yield strength, MPa (ksi) 97 (14) Elongation in 50 mm (2 in.), % 9.0 Brinell hardness, 500 kg load...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... (19) … Elongation in 50 mm (2 in.), % 2.0 1 max Brinell hardness, 500 kg 90 … Compressive yield strength, 0.2%, MPa (ksi) 130 (19) … Shear strength, MPa (ksi) 185 (19) … Endurance limit, 5 ×10 8 cycles, MPa (ksi) 100 (14.5) … Table 4 Alloy 333.0 typical heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...) 75 (11) 75 (11) 160 (23) … Brinell hardness (a) , 500 kg load, 10 mm (0.4 in.) ball 45 45 65 45 45 70 … Shearing strength (c) , MPa (ksi) 95 (14) 95 (14) 125 (18) 105 (15) 95 (14) 145 (21) … Endurance limit, 500 × 10 6 , R R Moore test, MPa (ksi) … … 70 (10) 60 (9) 60...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... an insight into more efficient machining and the correct solution to problems without the influence of traditional opinions. Small variations in microstructure can make a difference in machining that would be very significant in high production. Brinell hardness is an indicator of machinability because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... 20–100 °C (68–212 °F) 23 μm/m °C from 20–100 °C 24 μm/m °C from 20–100 °C 25 μm/m °C from 20–100 °C Table 3 Alloy 295.0 typical mechanical properties with sand casting Temper Tension Shear strength, MPa (ksi) Compressive yield, MPa (ksi) Brinell hardness Endurance limit, MPa...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...”), for example, FCD-400-18AL. The common grades of ductile iron can also be specified by Brinell hardness, although the appropriate microstructure for the indicated hardness is also a requirement. This method had been used in SAE specification J434 JUN86 for automotive castings and similar applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... that forms during solidification, the other basic microstructural constituents in cast iron include ( Ref 1 ): Phase Brinell hardness Ductility Ferrite 70–150 Ductile Pearlite 175–330 Moderately ductile Divorced pearlite 130–180 Ductile Cementite 800–1100 Brittle Phosphide...