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Biocide treatment

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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 9 Friction factors for flow through test lines under biocide treatment in an oilfield produced-water system indicate the extent of biofouling. In this case, biocide A loses control of microbial fouling after 60 days relative to biocide B. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 8 Friction factors for flow through instrumented sidestreams under biocide treatment in an oilfield-produced water system can indicate biofouling. In this case, biocide “A” loses control of microbial fouling after 80 days, relative to biocide “B,” in a comparison carried out in a field More
Image
Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 5 Corrosion rate in the culture of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans for specimens with and without biocide treatment. (a) Mild steel. (b) Brass. GLY, N -hydroxy-methyl-glycine; PHE, N -hydroxy-methylphenyl-alanine More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in different areas of the world ( Ref 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 ). Most workers in the field have directed attention to the activities of the SRB, and considerable money has been invested in biocide treatment programs for water injection, with the principal aim of killing or controlling this group...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... controlled by targeted biocide addition ( Ref 48 ). This problem of conflicting effects by different additives is a common issue in the design of cost-effective chemical treatment programs. As environmental concerns push treatment chemical suppliers to less toxic, biodegradable materials (see Ref 49...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in conjunction with zinc salts. Copper alloy corrosion inhibitors include filming azoles such as tolyltriazole or benzotriazole. See the article, “Corrosion Inhibitors in the Water Treatment Industry” in Volume 13A for details on treatment of water in cooling systems. Biocides for control of microbiological...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... pretreatment methods of the incoming water and preboiler corrosion protection methods. It analyzes internal treatment and condensate treatment of boilers. The article discusses three types of cooling systems: once-through systems, open recirculating systems, and closed recirculating systems. The corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and concentrating nutrients for the microbes to use as food, and often, in shielding the organisms from the toxic effect of biocides. The slime film can influence corrosion by trapping or complexing heavy-metal ions near the surface. It can also act as a diffusion barrier for chemical species migrating to or from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... pipelines, pulp and paper mills, and so on but not in steam systems where temperatures are high. Fig. 9 Friction factors for flow through test lines under biocide treatment in an oilfield produced-water system indicate the extent of biofouling. In this case, biocide A loses control of microbial...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
..., and they grow at the bottoms of sumps, attacking the sulfur in EP additives or the sulfur incidentally present in a cutting oil. This produces malodorous complex sulfur compounds. A number of biocides are available for use in attacking and killing bacteria, mold, and fungi. Table 1 lists biocide manufacturers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... preparation, application, inspection, data collection, and the applied coating(s) Seawater Ballast Tanks and Treatment for Invasive Species Invasive species are those that are transported from their original ecosystem and invade another secondary ecosystem, with significant economic and environmental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... treatment polyalkylene glycol quenchants quenching residual stress water quenchants QUENCHING refers to the rapid cooling of metal from the solution treating temperature, typically between 465 and 565 °C (870 and 1050 °F) for aluminum alloys. The fundamental objective of quenching is to preserve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... curves to obtain mechanistic information on the influence of biocides on MIC of mild steel and brass. Fig. 5 Corrosion rate in the culture of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans for specimens with and without biocide treatment. (a) Mild steel. (b) Brass. GLY, N -hydroxy-methyl-glycine; PHE, N -hydroxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... during the aging stage of precipitation hardening. Precipitation during quenching can lead to localized overaging, a loss of grain-boundary corrosion resistance, and, in extreme cases, poor response during the age hardening treatment. When quenching rates from the solution temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... can be composed of petroleum oil, extreme-pressure lubricants, emulsifiers, soaps, wetting agents, coupling agents, corrosion inhibitors, biocides, antifoams, and water. Depending on composition, fluids are generally categorized as: Synthetic or chemical fluids contain no petroleum oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... It also provides information on the benefits of silicon-base additives. abrasion resistance coating heat resistance marine biofouling primers silicates silicon silicones surface treatment THE OLDEST KNOWN USE of paint is cave art in the Cave of El Castillo in northern Spain, which may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... treatment performance and identifying upset conditions at the plant as well as providing field verification of the effectiveness of a new treatment program in reducing the localized corrosion rate of carbon steel. However, this method relies on the forced movement of the electrodes (or the solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are explained by the varying characteristics of oil wells and gas wells. Water injection systems and pipelines are also discussed. The article describes the factors that influence the corrosivity of produced fluids and the various treatments applicable for oil, gas, and pumping wells. It examines the primary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... ), with no corrosion of the base metal as long as the primer was intact. The biocidal properties of zinc chromate primer ( Ref 6 ) were documented. None of the isolates in the study detailed in Ref 5 degraded the polyurethane coating directly as a sole source of nutrients; however, all grew on hydraulic fluid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... • • • • • … • Other (a) • … … • • • • (a) Includes antiseize, biocide, buffer, coupler, dye, emulsifier, seal-swell agent, and viscosity modifier Dispersants Dispersants are additives that are used to suspend oil-insoluble resinous oxidation products and particulate contaminants, such as soot...