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Axle housings

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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 11 1030 steel (hardness: 75–80 HRB) axle-housing spindle produced by extruding and piercing in five operations. Dimensions given in inches More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 14 Fracture surface of a sand-cast medium-carbon steel heavy-duty axle housing. Failure originated at a hot tear (region A), which propagated in fatigue (region B) until final fracture occurred by overload. 0.4× More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 19 Steps in the production of a rear-axle housing from a tubular blank. Dimensions given in inches More
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Published: 15 June 2019
Fig. 4 Die cast alloy 380.0 rear axle housing More
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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 17 A properly illuminated section through a weld. Vertical lighting was used to reveal flow lines in the base metal, the heat-affected zone, and the successive weld beads. Base metal was 1018 steel, component, an axle housing. Photomacrograph. Etched in ammonium persulfate. 4× More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 14 Use of a plug-type insert in combination with a nearly complete insert in the lower die block for making a forging of extreme severity. For forging this workpiece (an automotive axle housing), shown in cross section, an H12 tool steel plug in the upper die block is used in combination More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 34 Seal wear ring (inverted) below seal housing. Fretting wear can be seen on the inner cone at the bottom of the stack. The fractured journal was also cleaned in mineral spirits and then cut approximately 25 mm (1 in.) from the fracture surface. This was performed to enable the area More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003981
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... by the roll forging process. An axle shaft was roll forged from a 1037 steel blank in ten passes through eight-groove semicylindrical roll dies, as shown in Fig. 10 . After each successive pass, the workpiece was rotated 90°. The shaft was forged in a 30 kW (40 hp) machine with an outboard housing; the eight...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... at the moment of separation. (D.J. Wulpi, Consultant) Fig. 243, 244 Fatigue fracture of 90-mm (3.6-in.) diam medium-carbon steel axle housing (217 to 229 HB). The part was subjected to unidirectional bending stresses normal for the application. Fig. 243 : Fracture surface showing four major fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... applications have included machine frames, motor housings, bodies, truck wheels, rear-axle housings, oil pans, ornamental castings, piano plates and frames, and many general-purpose uses. Typical properties are listed in Tables 2 – 4 . Typical physical properties of 206.0, A206.0 and B206.0 Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... interest in structural applications. Developments in high-integrity die casting have resulted in low- iron, manganese-containing Al-Si-Mg alloys such as 365.0 and AlMg3Mn. Some typical uses include: Automotive space frames Automotive wheels Truck wheels Axle and differential housings ( Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... The weight of the vehicle is transmitted from the wheel and hub through inner and outer wheel bearings to the spindle and into the axle housing, thereby bypassing the axle shaft. The induction-hardened pattern on this type of axle shaft normally extends the full length of the shaft until the diameter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and manufacturing defects has become more important. This article presents case histories that are intended as an overview of the unique types of failures encountered in the freight railroad industry. The discussion covers failures of axle journals, bearings, wheels, couplers, rails and rail welds, and track...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... properties, especially ductility. Manganese or magnesium decreases ductility. Tin reduces strength, hardness, and resistance to corrosion Typical applications have been flywheel housings, rear-axle housings, bus wheels, aircraft wheels, fittings, crankcases and other applications where a combination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... applications are in engine crankcases, gasoline and oil tanks, oil pans, frames for computers and other office equipment, and rear axle housings. Many companies have their own proprietary versions of these alloys. One common example is to specify higher purity. The reduced iron contents found in primary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., drawing, piercing, and sometimes upsetting are often combined in a sequence of operations to produce various tubular parts. Example 2 describes a procedure for extruding a part having a long tubular section. Example 2: Producing Axle-Housing Spindles in Five Operations An axle-housing spindle...
Book Chapter

By H.W. Sizek
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003984
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... radial forging machine ( Fig. 2 ) is basically a short-stroke mechanical press. The forging dies are attached to the forging connecting rods, the motion of which is initiated through eccentric shafts. The eccentric shafts are supported in housings that allow adjustments of the stroke position of the four...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... traditional nonferrous casting alloys (particularly aluminum) ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). Examples of squeeze-cast applications include: Axle Carrier Cast from a modified 383 aluminum alloy with a T6 temper and shown in Fig. 4 , the part requires high strength (yield strength >280 MPa, or 40 ksi...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... in the automotive and heavy-equipment industries in the fabrication of frame members, axle housings, wheel rims, suspension components, and other parts. Small-diameter flux-cored electrodes are used for automotive body repair. Equipment The FCAW process utilizes semiautomatic, mechanized, and fully automatic...