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Arsenical tough-pitch copper

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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 3 Cuprous oxide in tough pitch arsenical copper (hot extruded and cold drawn) viewed in dark field, revealing the classic ruby-red color. Magnification bar is 10 μm long. More
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 32 Cuprous oxide in hot-extruded, cold-drawn tough-pitch arsenical copper viewed in dark field reveals the classic ruby-red color. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
...-refined tough pitch copper with silver) 221–462 32–67 69–365 10–53 55–4 C14200 (phosphorus-deoxidized arsenical copper) 221–379 32–55 69–345 10–50 45–8 C14300 221–400 32–58 76–386 11–56 42–1 C14310 221–400 32–58 76–386 11–56 42–1 C14500 (phosphorus-deoxidized tellurium...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... voids can be detected. Weld repair is used to close gross defects after HIP. Because strength increases and ductility (toughness) decreases as oxygen level increases, oxygen content is a matter of concern regarding titanium alloy castings. Control of oxygen levels in cast components is achieved...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... Oxygen-free copper, electrolytic tough pitch copper, and fire-refined tough pitch copper also are available as silver-bearing coppers having specific minimum silver contents. The silver, which may be present as an impurity in anode copper or may be alloyed intentionally to molten cathode copper, also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... copper (OFE) 99.99 (min) Cu C10200 Oxygen-free copper (OF) 99.95 (min) Cu C11000 Electrolytic tough pitch copper (ETP) 99.90 (min) Cu C12200 Phosphorus-deoxidized copper, high-residual phosphorus (DHP) 99.90 (min) Cu, 0.028 P C12500 Fire-refined tough pitch copper (FRTP) 99.88 (min...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 514.0 A05140 2.65 0.096 520.0 A05200 2.57 0.093 Copper and copper alloys Wrought coppers Pure copper … 8.96 0.324 Electrolytic tough pitch copper (ETP) … 8.89 0.321 Deoxidized copper, high-residual phosphorus (DHP) … 8.94 0.323 Free-machining copper  0.5% Te...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., R, W, S 221–455 32–66 69–365 10–53 55–4 20 C10800 (oxygen-free low-phosphorus copper) 99.95 Cu, 0.009 P F, R, T, P 221–379 32–55 69–345 10–50 50–4 20 C11000 (electrolytic tough pitch copper) 99.90 Cu, 0.04 O F, R, W, T, P, S 221–455 32–66 69–365 10–53 55–4 20 C11100...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... 0.104 40E 2.81 0.101 Copper and copper alloys Wrought coppers Pure copper 8.96 0.324 Electrolytic tough pitch copper (ETP) 8.89 0.321 Deoxidized copper, high residual phosphorus (DHP) 8.94 0.323 Free-machining copper  0.5% Te 8.94 0.323  1.0% Pb 8.94 0.323...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... quite well under most corrosive conditions. Some copper alloys, however, have limited usefulness in certain environments because of hydrogen embrittlement or stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). Hydrogen embrittlement is observed when tough pitch coppers, which are alloys containing cuprous oxide...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... by selecting a resistant alloy or by treating the metal after fabrication. Alloy Composition Brasses containing less than 15% Zn are highly resistant to SCC. Phosphorus-deoxidized copper and tough pitch copper rarely exhibit SCC, even under severe conditions. On the other hand, brasses containing 20...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...% Wrought copper C10100 Oxygen-free electronic copper (OFE) 99.99 (min) Cu C10200 Oxygen-free copper (OF) 99.95 (min) Cu C11000 Electrolytic tough pitch copper (ETP) 99.90 (min) Cu C15100 Zirconium copper 98.5 (min) Cu, 0.10 Zr Wrought high-copper alloys C17200 Beryllium copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., and toughness. A characteristic application is for the protection of ship bottoms, but more modern methods of cathodic protection have rendered its use less common. Its appearance resembles that of gold. Aluminum brass 77.5 20.5 2% Al Aluminum improves corrosion resistance. It is used for heat-exchanger...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... burning at the grain boundaries in a specimen of copper 110 (electrolytic tough pitch copper) heated to 1066 C (1950 F). Copper oxide migrated to grain boundaries, forming a continuous network that severely reduces strength and ductility. In steels, burning may manifest itself with the formation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., SCC can be prevented more effectively by selecting a resistant alloy or by treating the metal after fabrication. Alloy Composition Brasses containing less than 15% Zn are highly resistant to SCC. Phosphorus-deoxidized copper and tough pitch copper rarely exhibit SCC, even under severe...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... xxx series, which contain more than about 1.25% copper. These tempers are intended to improve resistance to exfoliation corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking, but as a result of overaging, they also increase fracture toughness and, under some conditions, reduce rates of fatigue-crack propagation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... was subjected to slight deflection. Visual examination also disclosed a lack of bonding in the second joint, which was attributed to the tough, tenacious oxide film that is formed by the heat of brazing. The lack of metallurgical bonding explained the joint failure but appeared to contradict the success...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-hardened alloys, resulting in coarse grain-boundary precipitates and a denuded region (PFZ) Embrittlement of molybdenum by interstitials (carbon, nitrogen, oxygen) Embrittlement of copper by antimony Reduction of Cu 2 O in tough pitch copper by hydrogen Hydrogen embrittlement by grain-boundary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... the solderability of copper and copper alloys; the most common industrially used pure coppers are rated “Excellent” for solderability. Solderability of copper and copper alloys Table 1 Solderability of copper and copper alloys Type Solderability Remarks Coppers, including tough-pitch, oxygen-free...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) Improperly precipitation-hardened alloys, resulting in coarse grain-boundary precipitates and a denuded region (precipitation-free zone) Embrittlement of molybdenum by interstitials (carbon, nitrogen, oxygen) Embrittlement of copper by antimony Reduction of Cu 2 O in tough pitch copper by hydrogen...