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Ammonium nitrate

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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 23 Micrograph of stress-corrosion cracking (arrows) that occurred in a concentrated ammonium nitrate solution. Original magnification: 100× More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 21 Nital-etched specimen of ASTM A 245 carbon steel. Micrograph shows SCC that occurred in a concentrated solution of ammonium nitrate. 100× More
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Published: 01 December 1998
Fig. 39 Micrograph of a nital-etched specimen of ASTM A 245 carbon steel, showing stress-corrosion cracking that occurred in a concentrated solution of ammonium nitrate. 100× More
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 22 Cavitation damage to an ACI CN-7M stainless steel cast pump impeller used to pump ammonium nitrate solution at 140 °C (280 °F). Courtesy of A.R. Wilfley and Sons, Inc., Pump Division More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... turbine. Ammonium nitrate deposits have been found in the cooler parts of such waste-heat-recovery boilers, close to the stack. Under normal conditions, the flue gas will be cooled to about 80 °C (175 °F). However, below 170 °C (340 °F), ammonium nitrate is solid and is most likely to be deposited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...) Aryl halide Carboxylic acid Ketone Nitrile R — CN Phenol Sulfonamide Sulfonic acid Presumptive tests for organic functional groups Table 2 Presumptive tests for organic functional groups Family Test Notes Alcohols Ceric ammonium nitrate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... alloys containing 2.0% or more magnesium ( Ref 8 ). Specimens are immersed for 24 h at 65 ± 1 °C (150 ± 2 °F) in a solution of 1 M ammonium chloride, 0.25 M ammonium nitrate, 0.01 M ammonium tartrate, and 0.09 M hydrogen peroxide. Susceptibility to exfoliation is determined by visual examination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Room to 40 (100) Current density, A/dm 2 (A/ft 2 ) 5-20 (5-20) Anode Platinum or platinized titanium Cathode efficiency 10-20% Solution B Platinum (as diaminodinitrito salt), g/L (oz/gal) 10 (1.3) Ammonium nitrate or phosphate, g/L (oz/gal) 100 (13.4) Sodium nitrite, g/L...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... glutamate Ammonium chloride, crude Concentration from gas house liquors Gas and coke Bayonet heaters, heat exchangers … Ammonium chloride, pure Concentration before crystallizing Chemical Heat exchangers High pressure Ammonium nitrate Concentration Chemical Heat exchangers … Aqua...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... protection. Typical storage and tank car applications include high-strength hydrogen peroxide, gasoline, refined petroleum products, ammonium nitrate, urea, and tricresyl phosphate. Alloy 5254 typical physical properties Table 2 Alloy 5254 typical physical properties Property Value...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., halogen hydrocarbons, water Potassium permanganate Oxidizing organic and inorganic materials, hydrochloric acid, concentrated mineral acids, sulfuric acid, hydrogen peroxide, glycerol, ethylene glycol Silver nitrate Ammonium hydroxide, ethanol, sodium hydroxide Sodium hydroxide Aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... improves the resistance of a metal to SCC. For example, cold-drawn steel wire is more resistant to SCC than oil-tempered wire having equal mechanical properties. Also, cold reduction of low-carbon steel to 50% or less of its original thickness makes it relatively immune to cracking in boiling nitrate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... exhibits the same good resistance to corrosion as alloys 1100, 3003, 5052, and 6061 and provides increased strength in welded construction. Typical storage and tank car applications include high-strength hydrogen peroxide, fuming nitric acid, gasoline, refined petroleum products, ammonium nitrate, urea...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... cracking Alloy Environment Carbon steel Hot nitrate, hydroxide, and carbonate/bicarbonate solutions High-strength steels Aqueous electrolytes, particularly when containing H 2 S Austenitic stainless steels Hot, concentrated chloride solutions; chloride-contaminated steam; hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Aluminum fluoride, all concentrations Boiling <0.05 2 Aluminum sulfate, all concentrations Boiling <0.05 2 Ammonium chloride, all concentrations Boiling <0.05 2 Ammonium hydroxide (b) Room <0.05 2 Ammonium nitrate, <20% Room <0.05 2 Ammonium phosphate, all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... A Aluminum chloride 24 75 0–10 B Aluminum potassium sulfate 24–100 75–212 10–20 A Aluminum potassium sulfate 24–100 75–212 20–100 B Ammonia 24–100 75–212 10–30 B Ammonium chloride 24 75 0–10 B Ammonium hydroxide 27 80 3.5–40 A Ammonium nitrate 24–49 75–120 10–30...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.../L oz/gal g/L oz/gal Ammonium chloride 11–23 1.5–3.0 … … … Ammonium fluoborate … … 60 8 … Ammonium sulfate 75–115 10–15 … … … Boric acid … … 27 3.6 … Cadmium 4–11 0.5–1.5 95 12.6 … Cadmium fluoborate … … 244 32.2 … Cadmium oxide … … … … 7.6...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... mixture of sodium carbonate and magnesium oxide is used to sinter coal and sulfide minerals for determination of sulfur. Silicates are decomposed for alkali metal determination by heating with a mixture of calcium carbonate and ammonium chloride. Fusions, more widely used than sinters, may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... desired. A hybrid fuel-oxidizer system can spontaneously ignite in the presence of metal powders ( Ref 3 ). Ammonium perchlorate is the major oxidizer used in solid propellants, but ammonium nitrate also has limited special applications. Examples of binders are polyesters, polyethers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... ores and secondary sources (scrap) via the ammonium paratungstate (APT) process. The two main industrially relevant tungsten-bearing minerals are wolframite, (Fe,Mn)WO 4 , and scheelite, CaWO 4 . Each of these minerals usually contains less than 1% tungsten trioxide in the natural state. Beneficiation...