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Alkalies, environment

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of nickel with the inclusion of varying alloying elements. It provides useful information on the behavior of nickel and nickel alloys in specific environments describes its corrosion resistance in certain acids, alkalis, and salts. cast corrosion-resistant alloys corrosion resistance extraction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... describes the corrosion behavior of copper alloys in specific environments. It reviews the corrosion characteristics of copper and copper alloys in various acids, alkalis, salts, organic compounds, and gases. The article provides information on the behavior of copper alloys that is susceptible to stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... suffer environmentally assisted cracking are highly specific and therefore avoidable by proper design of the industrial components. corrosion corrosive environments environmentally assisted cracking high-temperature corrosion industrial applications nickel alloys NICKEL ALLOYS are very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of accelerated life testing and aging of unreinforced and fiber-reinforced plastic materials for assessing long-term material properties and life expectancy in hostile service environments. It considers various environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, pressure, weathering, liquid chemicals (i.e...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... by the Society for Protective Coatings are also discussed. These include postcured water-based alkali metal silicates, self-cured water-based alkali metal silicates, and self-cured solvent-based alkyl silicates. The article concludes with information on comparisons of inorganic with organic zinc-rich coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... application in environments that demand good corrosion resistance, such as in water, soils, acids, alkalis, saline solutions, organic compounds, sulfur compounds, and liquid metals. Basic Metallurgy of Cast Irons The metallurgy of cast irons is similar to that of steels except that sufficient silicon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... used, namely, inorganic and organic zinc-rich coatings. Common inorganic binders such as post-cured water-based alkali metal silicates, self-cured water-based alkali metal silicates, and self-cured solvent-based alkyl silicates, are reviewed. The article also compares inorganic and organic zinc-rich...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract Cast irons provide excellent resistance to a wide range of corrosion environments when properly matched with that service environment. This article presents basic parameters to be considered before selecting cast irons for corrosion services. Alloying elements can play a dominant role...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract The presence of certain impurities in coal and oil is responsible for the majority of fireside corrosion experienced in utility boilers. In coal, the primary impurities are sulfur, alkali metals, and chlorine. The most detrimental impurities in fuel oil are vanadium, sodium, sulfur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., mechanically damaged, or chemically attacked by other chemical species in the environment that liquid-metal corrosion proceeds. Mercury exposure of aluminum alloys can lead to at least three forms of attack: (a) amalgamation, a process by which aluminum and mercury form liquid solution (amalgamation does...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... most acids, except for hydrofluoric or concentrated phosphorics, to 230 °C (450 °F). These compositions also resist alkali concentration to pH 12 at temperatures to 100 °C (212 °F). Applications in which porcelain enamels are used for resistance to corrosive environments Table 5 Applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in industrial interior and exterior nonmarine environments, undercoatings. Thicknesses for these applications range from 1 to 125 μm (0.03 to 5 μin.). Production Type V: 10–14% P, bal Ni 430–530 Alkali, brine, mildly acidic solutions, marine environments Wear and corrosion resistance applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in boiler feedwater and in high-pressure high-temperature steam needs to be addressed. Low-alloy steels used in the construction of chemical-processing plants are subject to corrosion from a wide variety of environments. Compounds of chlorine, sulfur, ammonia (NH 3 ), and acids and alkalis are typical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... on their own, such as SiO 2 , B 2 O 3 , and GeO 2 . Modifiers include those oxides that are incapable of forming a glass by themselves but are frequently added in large amounts to alter, or modify, the properties of the glass, such as alkalies and alkaline earth oxides. Intermediate oxides are defined as those...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... for vessels. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) has a service temperature of 245 to 260 °C (475 to 500 °F) and is immune to most corrosive environments. Among the materials that attack PTFE are molten alkali metals and free fluorine. This material is rapidly permeated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... or coating is incorrectly formulated or manufactured by the coating supplier. An unsuitable coating is specified for a given environment. Environmental conditions are different than that understood by the specifier. There is improper, or insufficient, mixing of the coating at the time of application...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... properties for specific environments, such as chemical and weather resistance, temperature resistance, and special mechanical and electrical properties. Because all porcelain enamels are variations of borosilicate glass, they are characterized by end use and not by chemical composition. As examples, some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... are destructive because, in the alkaline environment of concrete, they release ammonia gas and hydrogen ions. These are replaced by dissolving calcium hydroxide from the concrete. The result is a leaching action, much like acid attack. Strong alkalis (over 20%) also can cause concrete degradation ( Ref 13...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on the surface temperature and the condition of and/or the corrosive ingredients in the medium. In the presence of molten ash products, the oxide, even in oxidizing environments, becomes unstable and dissolves. Alkali sulfates deposited on the fireside surfaces of boilers may react with SO 3 or SO 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to more aggressive environments. Thus, oxidation and hot corrosion have become significant life-limiting material degradation processes that often limit the upper service temperatures and thus have an associated impact on both process efficiency and reliability. Thermal spray overlay coatings had...