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Airframes, corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... metals in airframe structures. This article summarizes the results of materials and component testing. It also presents a cost/benefit analysis of HVOF WC/17Co and WC/10Co4Cr coatings on aircraft landing gear components. aircraft landing gears corrosion cost assessment fatigue hard chrome...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article describes the influences of the operational environments of U.S. Navy aircraft during corrosion-control process. The most widely used materials in airframe structures and components, such as aluminum, steel, titanium, and magnesium alloy systems, are reviewed. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., including both airframe and jet engine components (see the section “Applications” in this article). Titanium's corrosion resistance is based on the formation of a stable, protective oxide layer. This passivating behavior makes the metal useful in applications ranging from chemical processing equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... method of material failure, the flaw is assumed to be an infinitely sharp crack. Subcritical crack growth may occur as a result of cyclic loading, corrosion, or creep. The crack grows until the combination of applied stress and crack size causes catastrophic failure. Generally, in the case of airframes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract The aluminum alloy 7099 is a Kaiser aluminum high-strength Al-Mg-Zn-Cu alloy with zirconium that offers a less quench-sensitive alloy for properties in thicker sections for airframe structures such as wing ribs, spars, and skins, as well as fuselage frames and floor beams...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., precautions in use, and general corrosion behavior of each. The applications of titanium alloys include aerospace, gas turbine engines and prostheses. Further, the article graphically presents a comparative study of fatigue, creep and tensile properties of various titanium alloys. aerospace applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...” in Corrosion , Vol 13A, ASM Handbook . References References 1. Lincoln J.W. , “Challenges for the Aircraft Structural Integrity Program,” FAA/NASA Symposium on Advanced Structural Integrity Methods for Airframe Durability and Damage Tolerance , May 1994 2. Vogelfänger T...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... into existence as an industrial material. Their potential benefits for structural applications were recognized in 1941 when the first task force was initiated at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base to examine fiber-reinforced plastics for aircraft applications. In 1943, the first reinforced composite airframe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... accidents also showed that the proportion of fatigue failures directly attributed to the presence of corrosion was small ( Ref 2 ). However, corrosion can still be a significant safety concern as it increases the stress in an airframe part by reducing the effective cross-sectional area of the structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and to identify design improvements for future aircraft. Reliability analysis at commercial airlines and airframe manufactures is required by Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations for continued airworthiness. In addition to regulatory reasons, aircraft operators perform reliability analysis in order...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... primarily in two areas of application: corrosion-resistant service and strength-efficient structures. These two diverse, although sometimes overlapping, applications are attributed to some basic characteristics of titanium. Titanium is a low-density element (approximately 60% of the density of steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... U.S. Air Force aircraft as a result of a catastrophic in- flight failure in the 1960s. This philosophy requires a fracture-mechanics-based analytical demonstration of the ability of the airframe to operate safely for a specified period of time with periodic inspections of the airframe. The initial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... can change the distance from the coated surface to the base metal, and this change in height is also detectable. Aircraft coatings are critical targets because corrosion under a coating can ultimately result in loss of airframe integrity. Non-corrosion-related applications include inspection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... approaches to corrosion identification and prevention. These include safe-life, fail-safe, and damage tolerance approaches. The article discusses their application to the process of extending the life of aircraft structural components. aircrafts corrosion damage tolerance fatigue life fracture...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract The combination of high strength-to-weight ratio, excellent mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance makes titanium the best material choice for many critical applications. This article begins with a description of the historical perspective of titanium casting technology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The resulting increase in value achieved with a more corrosion-resistant airframe can be maintained if operational factors leading to the deterioration of the structure are understood and adequately addressed. Service-Related Factors This section surveys factors responsible for airplane corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., including alloy 2090, alloy 2091, alloy 8090, alloy CP276, and Weldalite 049. The article also lists the chemical compositions, physical properties, fabrication characteristics, corrosion performance, and general applications of these alloys. A comparison of alloy properties is represented graphically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract The combination of high strength-to-weight ratio, excellent mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance makes titanium the best material choice for many critical applications. This article commences with a description of the historical perspective of titanium casting technology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005887
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...% Condition Tensile strength Yield strength Elongation, % Typical applications MPa ksi MPa ksi Commercially pure 99.1 Ti Annealed 484 70 414 60 25 Jet engine shrouds, cases and airframe skins, corrosion-resistant equipment for marine and chemical processing industries α Ti-5Al-2.5Sn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... on the environmental cracking resistance of the cobalt alloys. Three welding processes that are used for hardfacing with the high-carbon Co-Cr-W alloys, namely, oxyacetylene, gas tungsten arc, and plasma-transferred arc are also discussed. The article examines the effects of various modes of high-temperature corrosion...