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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 404 Surface of the crack visible at A in Fig. 403 , opened for examination, showing two internal points of crack nucleation, which are marked 1 and 2 and are shown at higher magnification in Fig. 405 and 406 . Neither this crack nor any other crack found in this shaft or in companion More
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Published: 01 October 2014
Fig. 19 AISI Type 403: Effect of tempering temperature on tensile properties. Heat treated at 980 °C (1800 °F); oil quenched; tempered for 3 h at temperature given. Test specimens were heat treated in 25 mm (1 in.) round; tensile specimens were 13 mm (0.51 in.) diam; Izod notched specimens More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 40 Microstucture of Type 403 as-forged stainless steel consisting predominantly of a mixture of carbides in a ferrite matrix. There is no evidence of quenching and tempering, while high- and low-temperature oxidation is observed on the surface and within the crack. 100×. Villela's reagent More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 75 Microstructure of quenched and tempered Type 403 stainless steel consisting predominantly of tempered martensite with cracking promoted by a seam. 100×. Vilella's reagent. Source: Ref 42 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 9 Two portions of a modified type 403 stainless steel steam turbine blade damaged by liquid impingement erosion. The portion at left was protected by a shield of 1 mm (0.04 in.) thick rolled Stellite 6B brazed onto the leading edge of the blade; the portion at right was unprotected More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 22 A single-origin corrosion-fatigue crack in type 403 stainless steel exposed to steam showing rubbed origin (arrow) and beach marks. Scanning electron fractograph (secondary electron image). 60× More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 23 Effect of hydrazine on fatigue crack growth rates of (a) 403 stainless and (b) Ti-6Al-4V. Environment: 0.1 g NaCl + 0.1 g Na 2 SO 4 (g/100 mL H 2 O) in boiling water (100 °C, or 212 °F). Stress ratio = 0.8. More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 24 Effect of pH on near-threshold fatigue crack growth rates of (a) type 403 stainless and (b) Ti-6Al-4V. Environment: 0.1 g NaCl + 0.1 g Na 2 SO 4 (g/100 mL H 2 O) in boiling water (100 °C, or 212 °F). Stress ratio = 0.8 More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 12 Fatigue crack growth rates in Type 403 stainless steel in air, water, and a 1 M NaCl solution at 10 Hz and an R ratio of 0.5. Compact specimens (0.5 in. thick) obtained from L-T orientation of plate that had been austenitized at 950 °C (1750 °F), cooled in air, and tempered at 650 °C More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 13 Fatigue crack growth rates in Type 403 stainless steel in air, water, 0.01 M NaCl solution, and 0.01 and 1.0 M Na 2 SO 4 solutions. Tests in the 0.01 M (molar) and 1.0 M sodium chloride solutions were made with the solutions at pH levels of 2, 7, and 10 and with an open circuit More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 61 Rolled rings made from two heats of type 403 stainless steel exhibiting different forgeability ratings in notched-bar upsetting test. (a) Forgeability rating is 0. (b) Forgeability rating is 4. Courtesy of Ladish Company More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 31 Micrograph of type 403 stainless steel as-forged. The microstructure is predominantly a mixture of carbide particles in a matrix of ferrite. No evidence of quenching and tempering was observed. High- and low-temperature oxidation can be observed on the surface of the sample and within More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 47 Micrograph of type 403 stainless steel as quenched and tempered. The microstructure is predominantly tempered martensite, with cracking promoted by the seam. 100×; Vilella's reagent. Source: Ref 27 More
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 6 Character of erosion in type 403 martensitic stainless steel. (a) Macrograph of eroded area. Original magnification: 10×. (b) Unetched section. Original magnification: 10×. (c) Section through several pits. GRARD II etch. Original magnification: 50×. (d) Enlarged portion of (c More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 22 Single-origin corrosion-fatigue crack in type 403 stainless steel exposed to steam showing rubbed origin (arrow) and beach marks. Scanning electron fractograph (secondary electron image). Original magnification: 60× More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 9 Two portions of a modified type 403 stainless steel steam turbine blade damaged by liquid impingement erosion. The portion at left was protected by a 1 mm (0.04 in.) thick shield made of rolled Stellite 6B brazed onto the leading edge of the blade; the portion at right was unprotected More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 47 Examples of annealed martensitic stainless steel microstructures. (a) 403 etched with 4% picral plus HCl. (b) Bushing-quality 416 etched with Vilella's reagent. (c) 420 etched with Ralph's reagent. (d) Trimrite etched with Vilella's reagent. (e) 440C etched with modified Fry's reagent More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 9 Flow curves for (a) type 403 stainless steel at 980, 1065, and 1120 °C (1800, 1950, and 2050 °F) and (b) Waspaloy at 1065, 1120, and 1150 °C (1950, 2050, and 2100 °F). The tests were conducted in a mechanical press in which the strain rate was not constant. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 9 Fracture toughness data obtained over ranges of temperature and specimen thickness for Type 403 modified stainless steel. K Ic ( J ) specimen were 1 in. thick. Source: Ref 9 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 5 Micrographs of cracks after heat treatment caused by seams in the steel. (a) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) 8630 steel as-quenched; microstructure is martensite where cracking initiated from rolling seam (b) SAE type 403 stainless steel as-quenched and tempered; microstructure More