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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006901
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
..., acquiring digital two-dimensional or 3D images is a typical and user-friendly step. One can use many digital packages to create a treatment plan simulation or even a therapeutic treatment plan. A 3D-printed mockup of a simulated plan helps with patient education and improves communication among providers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... per volume is achieved on the nanoscale for semiconductors, but for packaging, the scales are still planar and include many connectors, wires, bolts, and screws. The next generation of electronic packaging will be a combination of printed electronics and 3D printing. This will allow electronics to use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... and Micro-dispensing , International Symposium on Microelectronics , International Microelectronics Assembly and Packaging Society , 2010 , 10.4071/isom-2010-THA5-Paper6 23. Macdonald E. , Salas R. , Espalin D. , and Perez M. , 3D Printing for the Rapid Prototyping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Reconstruction Software There are a number of computer software packages currently available for 3D reconstruction and visualization of 3D data. Some programs are “shareware” (e.g., NIH Image or etdips), while others are commercially available (e.g., Interactive Data Language, Advanced Visual Systems' AVS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006896
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... of manufacturing multicolored and/or multimaterial parts (e.g., material jetting), whereas other 3D printing technologies are limited to one color and/or material (e.g., directed-energy deposition). Therefore, if applicable, various 3D-printing-specific CAM software packages allow users to set a specific color...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... printing polymers are water sensitive. Some, such as polylactic acid, actually break down slowly in a humid environment. For these reasons, 3D printing filament is sold in vacuum-sealed packaging. If filament is left out for extended periods of time, it is advisable to vacuum dry it in low heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and ear prostheses. The researchers generated the surface topography of a volunteer’s nose and ear by using a laser-free, optical scanning system (Spider) ( Ref 12 ). After postprocessing the data by using the CAD 3-Matic software package, the 3D model was loaded to the 3D printer as an STL file. The 3D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... software Table 7 Microstructural imaging software Inputs: images from optical microscopy, electron microscopes, x-rays, etc. Outputs: image quantification and digital representations. Software name Function or process applications Vendor or developer URL 3D-DOCTOR 3D-DOCTOR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...., Packag., Manuf. Technol. , Vol 8 , 2018 , p 1838 – 1844 , 10.1109/TCPMT.2018.2869977 31. Rahman T. , Renaud L. , Heo D. , Renn M. , and Panat R. , Aerosol Based Direct-Write Micro-additive Fabrication Method for Sub-mm 3D Metal-Dielectric Structures , J. Micromech...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006898
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... piezoelectricity and triboelectricity. Then, the article highlights the structures of energy harvesters and describes their working mechanisms. Next, it covers the additively manufactured implantable piezoelectric and triboelectric energy harvesters. Further, the article describes the 3D-printed wearable energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.9781627083928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... a specialized CAD package to manually redesign or reengineer this model for different applications. Next, the modified 3D CAD model is input to AM machinery for printing. The model is automatically sliced into 2D layers, and the process parameters are selected for an accurate and efficient production plan...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., linearity, and steady-state conditions. As computing power increased, so did the complexity of finite-element modeling and analysis techniques. The first analyses and elements available were limited to 2D beams and spars. The progression was then toward three-dimensional (3D) spars and beams, 2D solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Abstract This article discusses the basic operating principles, industrial applications, and advantages as well as the parameters influencing the process of laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) of solid materials, liquid materials, laser-absorbing layers, intact structures, and metallic 3D...
Book Chapter

By Don Smith
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... section considers some special topics related to AM process. digital light processing stereolithography VAT POLYMERIZATION (VP) is an additive manufacturing (AM), or three-dimensional (3D) printing, process in which 3D objects are produced by hardening a liquid polymer into the desired shape...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... different directions and reconstructs the object in 3D form based on a series of radiographs. The contrast on the 2D radiographs reflects the different intensities of transmitted x-rays, which depend on the integrated attenuation coefficient ( Ref 24 ): I = I 0 exp − μ x where I...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... one another ( Fig. 3a ), resulting in solder joint bridges ( Fig. 3d ), which can short circuit electrical signals ( Ref 7 ). Fig. 3 Defects of solder paste deposits. (a) Appearance of paste with poor slump (optical microscopy). (b) Skips in paste deposits (optical microscopy). (c) Paste...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Ref 10 ). The use of laser systems is becoming a common alternative to traditional contact methods. Articulated-arm-mounted three-dimensional (3D) laser line scanners offer a relatively new and developing method of measuring objects ( Fig. 5 ). Most of these 3D laser scanning systems rely on angular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... sheets into three-dimensional (3D) shapes. Thermoformed parts can be classified as packaging/disposable products, which account for approximately two-thirds of all thermoformed products, with major markets in food packaging, consumer products, medical and pharmaceutical, electronics, and personal care...