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316L stainless steel

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... the surface finish of pharmaceutical equipment. Rouge is iron oxide, and its different colors result from different valences and degrees of hydration. The article discusses the classification of rouge and the characteristics of cast type 316L stainless steel. It explains how and when to perform cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of the stainless steels. Medical device considerations for stainless steels, such as fatigue strength, corrosion resistance, and passivation techniques, are reviewed. The article describes the process features of the implant-grade stainless steels, including type 316L, type 316LVM, nitrogen-strengthened, ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... of steel composition used for AM processing is limited to approximately a dozen widely available powder compositions (e.g., 304 stainless steel, 316L, 17-4 PH, 15-5 PH, 420 stainless steel, 430 stainless steel, 410 stainless steel, H13, H11, 18Ni-300, HY-100, 4340, 4130). Table 1 lists the nominal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... magnification: 1950× Fig. 2 High-magnification scanning electron microscope image of a water-atomized 316L powder showing surface oxides. Original magnification: 5200× Full dense processing of PM stainless steels, on the other hand, requires powders free from surface oxides. A relatively high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... (type 308L). Tap water was the major environmental constituent contributing to crust formation on the weld joint. The type 316L base metal on either side of the joint was not affected. Fig. 9 Pitting of underalloyed (relative to the base metal) type 308L weld metal. The type 316L stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006068
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... steel. The negative effects on compressibility are particularly strong for the two interstitials, carbon and nitrogen ( Ref 9 ). The importance of a low carbon content is also reflected in the fact that the commercial austenitic stainless steel powder grades 304L and 316L are of the low-carbon variety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... structures show necklace ( Fig. 2b ) and continuous precipitates ( Fig. 2c ) of chromium-rich carbides in the grain boundaries. Fig. 2 Microstructures of type 316L stainless steel sintered at 1149 °C (2100 °F) (Glyceregia). (a) C is 0.015%, clean and thin grain boundaries. (b) C is 0.07%, necklace type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... grade A highly alloyed austenitic grade superior to all other grades of PM stainless steel in corrosion resistance. Its corrosion resistance equals that of wrought 316L. In nonoptimized sintering atmospheres it suffers a smaller loss of corrosion resistance compared to other grades of PM stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Fatigue of 316L Stainless Steel, Co-Cr-Mo Alloy, and ELI Ti6Al4V , Corrosion and Degradation of Implant Materials , STP 684, Syrett B.C. and Acharya A. , Ed., American Society for Testing and Materials , 1979 , p 128 – 143 112. Speck K.M. and Fraker A.C. , J. Dent. Res...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... , “Corrosion Properties of Sintered Stainless Steel,” U.K. Corrosion ‘ 91 , Oct 1991 ( Manchester, U.K. ), National Association of Corrosion Engineers 5. Fedrizzi L. , Crousier J. , Bonora P.L. , and Crousier J.L. , Corrosion Mechanism of an AISI Type 316L Sintered Stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... 22 Micrographs of (a) circumferential, (b) longitudinal, and (c) transverse sections of samples taken from a 780 kg (1716 lb) 316L stainless steel valve body manufactured as part of an evaluation study to create an ASME code case for HIP PM materials. Microstructure is characterized by equiaxed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
.... , and Ernst F. , Carburization-Induced Passivity of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel , Electrochem. Solid St. , Vol 10 , 2007 , p C76 – C78 10.1149/1.2794282 29. Millet J.P. et al. , Corrosion Behavior of 316L Stainless Steel in a Chloride Medium in Contact with Active Carbon , NACE...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of standard (MPIF) injection-molded stainless steels MPIF designation Composition (a) , wt% Fe Ni Cr Mo C Cu Nb + Ta Other (b) MIM-316L bal 10.0–14.0 16.0–18.0 2.0–3.0 0.03 … … 2.0 MIM-Duplex (316L) bal 7.5–8.5 19.0–21.0 1.5–2.5 0.03 … … 2.0 MIM-17-4 PH bal 3.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... 1993 13. Halldin G.W. , Patel S.N. , and Duchon G.A. , Welding of 316L P/M Stainless Steel , Prog. Powder Metall. , Vol 39 , 1984 , p 267 – 280 14. Davis J.R. , Ed., Machining , Stainless Steels , ASM Specialty Handbook , ASM International , 1994 , p 314...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... 0.08 2.00 1.00 16.0–18.0 10.0–14.0 0.045 0.03 2.0–3.0 Mo 316F S31620 0.08 2.00 1.00 16.0–18.0 10.0–14.0 0.20 0.10 min 1.75–2.5 Mo 316H S31609 0.04–0.10 2.00 1.00 16.0–18.0 10.0–14.0 0.045 0.03 2.0–3.0 Mo 316L S31603 0.03 2.00 1.00 16.0–18.0 10.0–14.0 0.045 0.03...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of the grain and twin boundaries. Tint etching, which requires a high-quality polish for good results, reveals all of the grains by color contrast. Figure 9(a) shows the grain structure of 316L austenitic stainless steel etched with waterless Kalling's (Kalling's No. 2) reagent, where many, but not all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... … … S31400 314 0.25 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.50–3.00 23.0–26.0 19.0–22.0 … … S31600 316 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 16.0–18.0 10.0–14.0 2.00–3.00 0.10N S31603 316L 0.030 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 16.0–18.0 10.0–14.0 2.00–3.00 0.10N S31651 316N 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... in the matrix and the favorable corrosion performance. The thermal stability of synthesized nitrogen-expanded austenite in AISI 304L and AISI 316L with maximum nitrogen content in a reducing atmosphere of hydrogen and nitrogen is given in Fig. 6 ( Ref 65 ). For both alloys the formation of CrN occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005977
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... in the low-cycle fatigue range also show a significant improvement of the fatigue life of AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel plasma-nitrided at 400 °C (750 °F). The fatigue-life increase seems to be directly correlated with the residual compressive stress at approximately 2 to 3 GPa (0.3 to 0.4 × 10 6 psi...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005990
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... steels may be divided into five groups as follows: Conventional austenitics, such as types 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 308, 309, 310, 316, and 317 Stabilized compositions, primarily types 321, 347, and 348 Low-carbon grades, such as types 304L, 316L, and 317L High-nitrogen grades, such as AISI...