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1045

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Published: 09 June 2014
Fig. 14 Overheated surface on SAE 1045 steel showing excessive grain growth and cracking. Hardness at a depth of 250 μm was HRC 59. More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 2 1045 steel bar normalized by austenitizing at 1095 °C (2000 °F) and cooling in air. Structure is pearlite (gray) with a network of grain-boundary ferrite (white) and a few side plates of ferrite. Picral etch. Original magnification: 500× More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 39 Jominy end-quench curves of AISI 1045 and 8620. Source: Ref 13 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 20 In situ measurements of residual stresses in SAE 1045 during the process at temperature. Source: Ref 38 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 54 Microstructure of quenched and tempered AISI 1045 steel containing bands of tempered martensite and some bainite. Tempering oxide and secondary cracking was observed in the crack. 200×. 2% nital etch. Source: Ref 42 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 55 Microstructure of quenched and tempered AISI 1045 steel, representative of an underheated microstructure adjacent to cracking. 400×. 2% nital etch. Source: Ref 42 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 77 Macrograph of as-forged AISI 1045 steel showing a forging lap. 27×. 2% nital etch. Source: Ref 42 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 120 (a) AISI 1045 steel strip after annealing, 500×, 1% nital; (b) after annealing and grain refinement by normalizing, 500×, 1% nital. Source: Ref 12 More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 6(a) Data of Socie on 1045 steel for life to 0.1 mm and 1 mm cracks ( N / N f = 1) for torsional and uniaxial loading. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 8 Predicted nonlinear growth of microcracks for 1045 steel for four different constant-amplitude fatigue lives. Completely reversed (a) torsional fatigue and (b) uniaxial fatigue. Source: Ref 58 More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 7 Fatigue crack development in a heat-treated steel (SAE 1045, hardness: 450 HB) at high (a) and low (b) cyclic strains. (a) Δε/2 = 0.011, 2 N f = 2000.(b) Δε/2 = 0.004, 2 N f = 53,300 More
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Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 36 Relaxation of mean stresses under biased straining of an SAE 1045 steel. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 214 Enlarged view of the fatigue zone of the AISI 1045 steel blooming-mill spindle fracture shown in Fig. 213 . Note the radial marks originating at the surface of the jaw. A few beach marks are faintly visible at the top edge of the fatigue zone. Note the sharpness of the terminating More
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Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 216 Surface of a torsional-fatigue fracture in an AISI 1045 steel crankshaft induction hardened to 55 HRC. The crack originated at the edge of an oil hole. Although it is not clearly evident in this view, the crack grew at a 45° angle to the axis of the crankshaft because of tensile More
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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 16 Comparison of suitable and unsuitable 1045 steel microstructure for fine-blanking and the resulting blanked edges. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 12 Periodic overstrain fatigue behavior of SAE 1045 hot rolled bar More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 12 Residual stress patterns obtained in cold-drawn steel bars of 1045 steel. (a) As-drawn. (b) After rotary straightening. (c) After stress relieving. Bars were cold drawn 20% from 43 to 38 mm (1 11 16 to 1 1 2 in.). More
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Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 16 Distribution of tensile properties of grade 1045 cold-drawn steel bars. Tested were round bars, 19 to 32 mm ( 3 4 to 1 1 4 in.) in diameter, from 40 heats from 5 mills. More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 8 Microstructure for 19 mm (0.75 in.) diameter rod made of 1045 steel after (a) intensive quenching and (b) oil quenching. Original magnification: 250×. Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 5 Cooling curves for 1045 steel cylinders quenched in salt, water, and oil. Thermocouples located in the geometric center. Source: Ref 5 More