This article describes the two principal methods, namely, metal-loss tools and casing current measurement for detecting well casing corrosion along with their limitations and advantages. It discusses factors considered in designing well casing cathodic protection systems. The factors include determination of cathodic protection current by casing polarization test and CPP test or by mathematical models; calculation of casing-to-anode separation; isolation of the casing from other facilities; consideration of stray current interference from other dc power sources; and determination of the size and the location of the anode bed for effective current output for the desired life of the anode bed. The article concludes with a discussion on commissioning and monitoring of cathodic protection systems.
Stray current can be defined as a current in structures that are underground or immersed in an electrolyte that most often accelerate corrosion on a structure where a positive current leaves the structure to enter the earth or an electrolyte. This article provides a description of the principles of stray current and a discussion on the major types of stray current and their properties and prediction methods. It discusses the consequences of stray current and describes the interference tests used for mapping the path of the stray currents. The article also highlights the methods of mitigating the source of stray current.