The material data for forging can be divided into two categories, namely, mechanical properties and thermophysical properties. This article describes the flow characteristics of key engineering materials, such as steels, aluminum alloys, copper alloys, titanium alloys, and nickel-base superalloys. It discusses the thermophysical properties for designing or optimizing a metalworking process: specific heat, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity/diffusivity, and density.
Thermomechanical are used to gain insight into the causes of problems that arise during a given thermomechanical process. This article provides examples to demonstrate how significant the parameters were selected for specific tests. It examines the types of problems that can occur during a thermomechanical process. The article provides information on the thermophysical properties, which include specific heat, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity/diffusivity, and density. It concludes with examples that illustrate how the various considerations in testing are successfully used to solve practical thermomechanical processing problems.