This article provides information on the various types of welds and joints. It reviews the weld joint design considerations: the ability to transfer load and the cost. The article explains the throat size and weld size requirements of fillet welds, and presents a comparison of fillet and groove welds. It details the various design considerations for groove-weld selection, including the groove angle, root opening, and depth of the groove. The article also describes the methods of edge preparation and concludes with an illustration of the recommended proportions of grooves for arc welding.