Good hole-drilling processes are key to joining composite parts with other composite parts or with metal parts. This article discusses the considerations for drilling polymer-matrix composites. It describes the use of power-feed drill motors and automated drilling/fastener installation equipment. The article provides a discussion on reaming, countersinking, and three recommended choices of cutting tools for producing a countersink in carbon/epoxy structure. The cutting tools include: standard carbide insert cutters, solid carbide cutters, or polycrystalline diamond (PCD) insert cutters. The article concludes with a discussion on inspection of hole quality.