Machinability is more important in extending the applications of powder metallurgy (PM). This article provides an overview of the machining process and machinability measurement of PM steels. It discusses various approaches to improve machinability, including the closure of porosity, green machining, presintering, microcleanliness improvement, free-machining additives, microstructure modification, and improvements in tool materials. The effects of free-machining agents on machinability and the sintered properties of PM steels are also reviewed.
This article provides a discussion on the machining guidelines that serve to improve the machinability of powder metallurgy materials. It provides a description of various cutting tool grades and tool-edge design and describes the machining conditions for common operations, namely, turning, drilling, tapping, grinding, and finishing. The article introduces a few overlooked details that can heavily influence the performance and success of the machining process. These include dwell, margin design on round tools, and proper edge hone.