The purposes and methods of fatigue modeling and simulation in high-cycle fatigue (HCF) regime are to design either failsafe components or components with a finite life and to quantify remaining life of components with pre-existing cracks using fracture mechanics, with the intent of monitoring via an inspection scheme. This article begins with a discussion on the stages of the fatigue damage process. It describes hierarchical multistage fatigue modeling and several key points regarding the physics of crack nucleation and microstructurally small crack propagation in the HCF regime. The article provides a description of the microstructure-sensitive modeling to model fatigue of several classes of advanced engineering alloys. It describes the various modeling and design processes designed against fatigue crack initiation. The article concludes with a discussion on the challenges in microstructure-sensitive fatigue modeling.
This article provides information on the typical experimental observations of formation and propagation of small fatigue cracks under various stress states and explores the relation to long crack fracture mixed-mode fracture mechanics. It discusses state I crystallographic and stage II normal stress-dominated growth, along with some observations regarding the influence of combined stress state on the propagation of small cracks. The article discusses the differences between low-cycle fatigue and high-cycle fatigue (HCF) behaviors. Several other features of multiaxial fatigue are also explained, including mean stress effects, sequences of stress/strain amplitude or stress state, nonproportional loading and cycle counting, and HCF fatigue limits. In addition, the article covers the formation and propagation of cracks on the order of several grain sizes in diameter in initially isotropic and ductile structural alloys.