The concepts of fracture mechanics are basic ideas for developing the methods of predicting the load-carrying capabilities of structures and components containing cracks. This article provides an introduction to the methodology for computing the onset of fracture and describes plane strain fracture toughness, denoted as K IC . It presents formulas for the stress-intensity parameter as a function of crack size, crack shape, applied stress (or load), and geometry of load application.
This article discusses fracture, fatigue, and creep of nickel-base superalloys with additional emphasis on directionally solidified and single-crystal applications. It analyzes the physical metallurgy of these alloys. The effects of grain boundary and grain size on failure are summarized. The article also discusses the effects of microstructure and extrinsic parameters on fatigue crack propagation (FCP). It details the modeling of FCP rates and creep and creep-fatigue crack growth rates.