This article commences with a brief description of the solidification characteristics and microstructures of martensitic precipitation hardening (PH) stainless steels. It reviews the welding parameters for types 17-4PH, 15-5PH, PH13-8 Mo, Custom 450, and Custom 455. The article describes the microstructural evolution and weld parameters associated with semiaustenitic PH steels. It discusses the weldability and welding recommendations for A-286 and JBK-75 austenitic PH stainless steels. The article also presents tables that list properties and heat treatments for the PH stainless steels.
This article describes the classification of ferritic stainless steels. It reviews the metallurgical characteristics of various ferritic grades as well as the factors that influence their weldability. The article provides a discussion on various arc welding processes. These processes include gas-tungsten arc welding (GTAW), gas-metal arc welding (GMAW), flux-cored arc welding (FCAW), shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), and plasma arc welding (PAW). The selection criteria for welding consumables are discussed. The article also explains the welding procedures associated with the ferritic stainless steels. It concludes with information on weld properties.