Chapter 4: Wear
This chapter covers the different types of wear encountered in metalworking processes. It discusses the mechanisms involved in adhesive, abrasive, chemical, and fatigue wear and key contributing factors, including the composition and structure of tool and workpiece materials, the characteristics of contact surfaces, and loading forces imposed by the process. It describes the nature of metal transfer between tool and workpiece surfaces and the role of lubricants, coatings, and textures. It also discusses the use of wear maps, the effects of adhesion, and material-lubricant interactions.