Chapter 3: Principles of Alloying Titanium
This chapter discusses the basic principles of alloying and their practical application in the production of titanium mill products and engineered parts. It begins with a review of the atomic and crystal structure of titanium and the conditions for interstitial and substitutional alloying. It then describes the different classes of alloying elements, their effect on mechanical properties and behaviors, and their influence on phase transitions and transformations. The chapter also discusses the role of intermetallic compounds and their effect on crystal structure and creep behavior.
Principles of Alloying Titanium, Titanium: Physical Metallurgy, Processing, and Applications, Edited By F.H. Froes, ASM International, 2015, p 51–74, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
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