The History of Metals in America
Chapter Two: Iron in America—1645 to 1870
This chapter is a chronological account of the development of ironmaking in colonial America from 1645 to 1870. The discussion covers the spread of ironmaking in many of the colonies in the northeast, canal building in Pennsylvania, the replacement of charcoal by anthracite coal in ironmaking, the life of ironmaking pioneer John Fritz, and the rapid increase in ironmaking for the railroads.
Iron in America—1645 to 1870, The History of Metals in America, By Charles R. Simcoe;Edited By Frances Richards, ASM International, 2018, p 13–24, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250013
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