Superalloys: A Technical Guide (Second Edition)
Chapter 7: Powder Metallurgy Processing
Gas turbine disks made from nickel-base superalloys are often produced using powder metallurgy (P/M) techniques because the alloy compositions normally used are difficult or impractical to forge by conventional methods. This chapter discusses the P/M process and its application to superalloys. It describes the gas, vacuum, and centrifugal atomization processes used to make commercial superalloy powders. It explains how the powders are consolidated into preforms or billets using hot isostatic pressing, extrusion, or a combination of the two. It also provides information on spray forming and consolidation by atmospheric pressure, and includes a section on powder-based disk components, where...
Powder Metallurgy Processing, Superalloys: A Technical Guide, 2nd ed., By Matthew J. Donachie, Stephen J. Donachie, ASM International, 2002, p 117–134, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280117
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