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Cast iron bearing caps in tractor engines fractured repeatedly after only short operating periods. The fracture originated in a cast-in groove and ran approximately radially to the shaft axis. The smallest cross section was at the point of fracture. The core structure of the caps consisted of graphite in pearlitic-ferritic matrix. Casting stresses did not play a decisive role because of the simple shape of the pieces that were without substantial cross sectional variations. Two factors exerted an unfavorable effect in addition to comparatively low strength. First, the operating stress was raised locally by the sharp-edged groove, and second,...

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