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A 10-cm (4-in.) chain link used in operating a large dragline bucket failed after several weeks in service. The link was made of cast low-alloy steel (similar to ASTM A487, class 10Q) that had been normalized, hardened, and tempered to give a yield strength of approximately 1034 MPa (150 ksi). A hydrogen flake approximately 5 cm (2 in.) in diam was observed at the center of the fracture surface. Beach marks indicative of fatigue encircled the hydrogen flake and covered nearly all of the remaining fracture surface. The failure of this linkways caused by an excessive hydrogen content. Two...

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