Abnormal Wear of a Pinion Gear
A pinion gear made of AMS 6470 steel, nitrided all over, lost internal splined teeth due to wear. Spline failure of the power turbine gear caused an engine overspeed and disintegration. Excessive spline wear resulted from a new coupling being mated during overhaul with a worn gear spline. Wear on the spline teeth flanks of the coupling was attributed to severe wear on the mating gear (internal) spline teeth. The assigned cause was an inadequate maintenance procedure which resulted in a wear-damaged component being retained in the power train during engine overhaul. To prevent reoccurrence, specific inspection criteria were issued defining maximum limits for spline wear. A procedure and requirements were specified for installing the coupling and pinion gear at the next overhaul.
Jivan B. Shah, Abnormal Wear of a Pinion Gear, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Mechanical and Machine Components, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001748
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