ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Failure Modes and Mechanisms
Corrosion: Mixed-Mode Corrosion
Screens made of stainless steel X5 Cr-Ni-Mo 18 10 (Material No. 1.4401), which were exposed to cooling water from the mouth of a river, became unserviceable after a few months because of the breaking out of parts of the bars. The multiple fracturing of the screen bars in the brackish water of the mouth of the river was attributed to stress corrosion and pitting. The steel used, which contained molybdenum, would have withstood the severe corrosive conditions in the heat-treated condition, i.e. quenched after high temperature anneal. However, the stresses caused by deformation and welding, as well as the intensification of corrosive conditions brought about by design, i.e. creation of corrosion currents in the poorly aerated gaps (Evans elements), made this impossible.
Corrosion: Mixed-Mode Corrosion, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Failure Modes and Mechanisms, ASM International, 2019
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