Unusual Joint Failure Steam Pipe Range
In a main range in a power station, steam was conveyed at a pressure of 645 psi, and a temperature of 454 deg C (850 deg F). Pipe diameter was 9 in. and the joints were of the bolted type in which a thin steel ring, serrated on both sides, was inserted between plain flanges. Thin jointing material was interposed between the serrated faces and the flanges. The first intimation of trouble was the onset of a high pitched noise audible over a radius of a quarter of a mile. The noise arose from violent lateral vibration of the...