Turbine Blade Failure
Three blades from 45,000 kW, 3,000 rpm turbine were received for examination, comprising the root of blade 28, blade 89 showing a crack in one of the root teeth, and blade 106 which was free from defects. Microscopic examination of the blade material showed it to be a ferritic stainless steel of the type commonly used for turbine blades. A number of non-metallic inclusions were present which had been drawn into threads in rolling; these appeared to consist largely of duplex silicates. The failure of blade 28 was the result of the development of a creeping crack. Magnetic crack...