There was a large incidence of surface defects on the crank pins and journals and other areas of crank shafts of a high power automotive engine. The steel used was a Cr-Mo type of nitriding steel. Metallographic observations conclusively proved that the defective areas were entrapment of foreign bodies, resulting from steel making/deoxidizing/teeming stages. The occasionally globular nature of the foreign particles suggested these were formed at the liquid condition of the steel. The ratio of Mn-Si as seen on electron probe microanalysis also suggested the globules high in Mn content might have resulted in deoxidizing stage. Particularly the...