ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Steelmaking and Thermal Processing Equipment
Cracked Disks of Fan Made of Heat Resistant Steel
Three radially-cracked disks that circulated the protective gases in a bell-type annealing furnace were examined. During service they had been heated in cycles of 48 h to 720 deg C for 3 h each time, then were kept at temperature for 15 h followed by cooling to 40 deg C in 30 h, while rotating at 1750 rpm. Two disks were cracked at the inner face of the sheet metal rim while the rim of the third was completely cracked through. An analysis of the sheet metal rim of one of the disks showed the following composition: 0.06C, 1.98Si, 25.8Cr, and 35.8Ni. A steel of such high chromium content was susceptible to s-phase formation when annealed under 800 deg C. The material selected was therefore unsuitable for the stress to be anticipated. In view of the required oxidation resistance, a chromium-silicon or chromium-aluminum steel with 6 or 13% Cr would have been adequate. If the high temperature strength of these steels proved inadequate, an alloy lower in chromium would have been preferable.
Friedrich Karl Naumann, Ferdinand Spies, Cracked Disks of Fan Made of Heat Resistant Steel, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Steelmaking and Thermal Processing Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001225
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