Dryers and Drying Equipment
Cracking was found in the heads on large Yankee dryers, large, cylindrical, rotating, pressurized, high-temperature, cast iron pressure vessels (ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII, Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels), used to remove moisture from sheets of tissue paper during manufacturing. The typical components consist of a cast iron shell, two cast iron concave heads, and a large cast iron internal center stay attached to journals. The heads are attached to the shell and center stay with high-strength bolts. FEA and metallurgical investigation supported the conclusion that the cracking was caused by an unexpected type of...