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Two A6 tool steel (free machining grade) shafts, parts of a clamping device used for bending 5.7 cm OD tubing on an 8.6 cm radius, failed simultaneously under a maximum clamping force of 54,430 kg. The shaft was imposed with cyclic tensile stresses due to the clamping force and unidirectional bending stresses resulting from the nature of operation. Nonmetallic oxide-sulfide segregation was indicated by microscopic examination of the edge of the fracture surface. Both smooth and granular areas were revealed on visual examination of the fracture. The shaft was subjected to a low overstress as the smooth-textured fatigue zone...

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