Electronic Materials: Atlas of Fractographs
This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of electronic materials, including L-shaped electronic flat pack, transistor base lead, ohmic contact window, and brush/slip ring assembly. The fractographs illustrate the atomic oxygen environment exposure effect, solar cell interconnect, integrated circuit defects, and fatigue failure of these materials.
Electronic Materials: Atlas of Fractographs, Fractography, Vol 12, ASM Handbook, By ASM Handbook Committee, ASM International, 1987, p 481–488, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000631
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