Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), commonly called stick or covered electrode welding, is a manual welding process whereby an arc is generated between a flux-covered consumable electrode and a workpiece. This article discusses the advantages and limitations and applications of the SMAW process and describes the equipment used. It provides information on various coated electrodes used in the SMAW process, including mild and low-alloy steel-covered electrodes, stainless steel covered electrodes, and nickel and copper alloys covered electrodes. It reviews weld schedules and procedures, as well as the variations of the SMAW process. The article concludes with information on the special applications of the SMAW process and safety considerations.
Howard Cary, Fusion Welding Processes, Welding, Brazing, and Soldering, Vol 6, ASM Handbook, Edited By David LeRoy Olson, Thomas A. Siewert, Stephen Liu, Glen R. Edwards, ASM International, 1993
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