This article introduces the fundamental sources of residual stresses common to most manufacturing processes. It explains the effect of material removal on residual stresses and distortions in a part. The article assists the reader in making a choice between trial-and-error and computer-simulation approaches for the control of residual stresses. It provides a summary of the commonly used techniques of measuring residual stresses. The article also describes the finite element method for predicting residual stresses caused by various manufacturing processes. It concludes with a discussion on the operations involved in thermal and mechanical stress-relief methods.
U. Chandra, Control of Residual Stresses, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook, Edited By George E. Dieter, ASM International, 1997, p 811–819, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002493
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