Materials Selection and Design
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is reserved for computationally intensive three-dimensional simulations of thermal fluids systems where nonlinear momentum transport plays an important role. This article presents the governing equations of fluid dynamics and an introduction to the CFD techniques for their solution. It introduces discretization techniques that are used by finite-difference, finite-volume, finite-element, spectral, and some particle methods. Associated concepts of numerical stability and accuracy are also reviewed. The article describes two approaches for grid generation with complex geometries: the use of unstructured grids and the use of special differencing methods on structured grids. The article describes the four-step procedures of the CFD process: geometry acquisition, grid generation and problem specification, flow solution, and post-processing and synthesis. It provides information on the applications of the engineering CFD. Issues and directions for the engineering CFD are also described.
Peter J. O'Rourke, Daniel C. Haworth, Raj Ranganathan, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook, Edited By George E. Dieter, ASM International, 1997, p 186–203, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002444
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