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This article focuses on the modeling and simulation of cavitation phenomena. It summarizes the experimental observations of cavitation and reviews the modeling of cavity nucleation and growth. The article discusses the modeling of the cavity growth based on mesoscale and microscale under uniaxial versus multiaxial tensile-stress conditions. Mesoscale models incorporate the influence of local microstructure and texture on cavitation. The article outlines the descriptions of cavity coalescence and shrinkage. It also describes the simulation of the tension test to predict tensile ductility and to construct failure-mechanism maps.

Any model that describes the early stage of cavitation must therefore address experimental observations of continuous nucleation, cracklike interface cavities, cavity growth from nanometer-scale sizes, and debonding at particle interfaces and formation of large-faceted cavities. This article summarizes the microstructural details of the early stages of cavitation in metals for understanding the interface-constrained plasticity cavitation model. It discusses formulation, predictions and implications, involved in analysis of cavitation under constrained conditions.

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