This article provides an overview of the independent and dependent variables of a machining process. Independent variables include workpiece material, specific machining processes, and tool materials and geometry. Cutting force and power, surface finish, and tool wear and failure are some dependent variables discussed. The article also describes the relations between the input variables and process behavior.
J. T. Black, Introduction to Machining Processes, Machining, Vol 16, ASM Handbook, By ASM Handbook Committee, ASM International, 1989, p 1–4, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002116
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