Failure Analysis and Prevention
Examination of Damage and Material Evaluation
This article focuses on the visual or macroscopic examination of damaged materials and interpretation of damage and fracture features. Analytical tools available for evaluations of corrosion and wear damage features include energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron probe microanalysis, Auger electron spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction. The article discusses the analysis and interpretation of base material composition and microstructures. Preparation and examination of metallographic specimens in failure analysis are also discussed. The article concludes with a review of the evaluation of polymers and ceramic materials in failure analysis.
Iain Le May, Examination of Damage and Material Evaluation, Failure Analysis and Prevention, Vol 11, Edited By William T. Becker, Roch J. Shipley, ASM International, 2002, p 351–370, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
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New Handbook: Volume 11B
Now available in the Digital Library! Volume 11B serves as a reference and guide to help engineers determine the causes of failure in plastic components and make corrective adjustments through design and manufacturing modifications.