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Several qualitative, semiquantitative, and quantitative tests are available to estimate and control metal cleanliness, particularly inclusion concentration of aluminum alloys. This article provides a description of a few of the metal cleanliness assessment techniques, such as chemical analysis, pressure filter tests, electric resistivity tests, reduced-pressure test, and ultrasonic technique. Detection methods based on the certain principles and the types of impurities in chemical analysis are discussed.

The commonly used nondestructive testing of cast products include liquid penetrant inspection, radiographic inspection, fluoroscopic inspection and automated defect recognition, ultrasonic inspection, eddy current inspection, process-controlled resonant testing (PCRT), leak test, and electrical conductivity measurements. This article summarizes the application of these nondestructive tests to castings. It also tabulates a partial list of automotive part types and materials amenable to PCRT and lists the potential limitations to the use of PCRT.

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