Volume 12 covers all aspects of fractography relevant to its use in materials evaluation, failure analysis, and quality control. In addition to an extensive collection of fractographs, it includes information on the types and appearances of fracture, visual examination and imaging methods, quantitative fractography, surface profiling, and fractal analysis. It describes the morphology of fracture surfaces at different length scales and identifies markers and patterns that shed light on how and why fractures occur. It explains how loading conditions, operating environments, and material composition and structure influence the mode and mechanism of fracture in cast irons and steels, nonferrous alloys, plastics, ceramics, polymer matrix composites, and welded and soldered joints. Through the presentation of fractographs and spectroscopic data, it assists readers in recognizing the characteristic features of different types of fracture, the potential role of material dislocations and impurities, and the contributing effects of corrosion, embrittlement, and fatigue. An overview of the history of fractography and its use in archaeometallurgy is also included.
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