Materials at Low Temperatures
This chapter discusses three measurements parameters: temperature, strain, and magnetic field strength. It stresses the measurement of temperature because it is the primary variable in nearly all low-temperature material properties. The chapter contains information on methods and auxiliary materials. Areas of frequent concern, such as thermal contact, heat leak, thermal anchoring, thermal conductivity of greases, insulators, lead wires, ground loops, and feedthroughs are also reviewed. The chapter provides an overview and historical development of temperature scales because the practical use of all thermometers is associated with some approximation of the thermodynamic temperature scale. A short section is devoted to...
L. L. Sparks, Temperature, Strain, and Magnetic Field Measurements, Materials at Low Temperatures, Edited By Richard P. Reed, Alan F. Clark, ASM International, 1983, p 515–571, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860515
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