Hardness Testing: Principles and Applications
Chapter 5: Hardness Measurement of Plastics and Elastomers
This chapter reviews the tests and procedures used for measuring hardness of plastics and elastomers. The conventional testing methods (Rockwell, Vickers, Brinell, and Knoop) used for testing of metals are based on the idea that hardness represents the resistance against permanent plastic deformation of the material to be tested. However, elastic deformation must be considered in hardness measurement of elastomers. This chapter discusses the equipment and processes involved in the durometer (Shore) test, the International Rubber Hardness Degree test, and other specialized tests. It presents the criteria that can be used to select a suitable hardness testing method for elastomers or plastics and describes processes involved in specimen preparation and equipment calibration.
K. Herrmann, Hardness Measurement of Plastics and Elastomers, Hardness Testing: Principles and Applications, Edited By Konrad Herrmann, ASM International, 2011, p 119–165, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310119
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