Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis
Fractographic and Metallographic Study of Spalling Failure of Steel Straightener Rolls
Spalled fragments from the work rolls of a steel bar straightening machine were received for failure analysis. Visual inspection coupled with optical and scanning electron microscopy were used as the principal analytical techniques for the investigation. Fractographic analysis revealed the presence of a characteristic fatigue crack propagation pattern (beach marks) and radial chevron marks indicating the occurrence of final overload through a brittle intergranular fracture. The collected evidence suggests that surface-initiated cracks propagated by fatigue led to spalling, resulting in severe work roll damage as well as machine downtime and increased maintenance costs.
G. Pantazopoulos, A. Vazdirvanidis, Fractographic and Metallographic Study of Spalling Failure of Steel Straightener Rolls, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 3, Edited By Larry Berardinis, ASM International, 2019, p 682–687, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001849
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New Handbook: Volume 11B
Volume 11B serves as a reference and guide to help engineers determine the causes of failure in plastic components and make corrective adjustments through design and manufacturing modifications.