Three ASME SA106 grade B carbon steel feed water piping reducers from a pressurized water reactor showed indications of flaws near welds during ultrasonic testing. Further examination and testing indicated that the cracks resulted from a low-cycle corrosion fatigue phenomenon.
Carl J. Czajkowski, Cracking in a Reducing Pipe From a Pressurized Water Reactor, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 2, Edited By Khlefa A. Esaklul, ASM International, 1993, p 163–167, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001327
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