This article discusses the environmental influences on protective coating films that can result in deterioration. These environmental factors can be classified into four groups: (1) energy: solar, heat; (2) permeation: moisture, solvent, chemical, and gas; (3) stress: drying and curing-internal stress, and vibration-external stress; and (4) biological influences such as microbiological, mildew, and marine fouling.
Kenneth B. Tator, Coating Deterioration, Protective Organic Coatings, Vol 5B, ASM Handbook, Edited By Kenneth B. Tator, ASM International, 2015, p 462–473, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
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