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This article provides an insight into the cost estimation of painting projects for both contractors and others. The cost estimating methods include benchmarking, unit price estimating, developed pricing, market pricing, and critical path scheduling. The first step in developing an accurate estimate for an industrial painting contract is determining the scope of work. The article describes the method of calculating quantities of materials and labor, surface area takeoff, and equipment costs. It concludes by listing the forgotten costs and presenting information on coating condition assessment and determining selling cost.

This article discusses the environmental influences on protective coating films that can result in deterioration. These environmental factors can be classified into four groups: (1) energy: solar, heat; (2) permeation: moisture, solvent, chemical, and gas; (3) stress: drying and curing-internal stress, and vibration-external stress; and (4) biological influences such as microbiological, mildew, and marine fouling.

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