This chapter discusses the factors that affect die steel selection for hot forging, including material properties such as hardenability, heat and wear resistance, toughness, and resistance to plastic deformation and mechanical fatigue. It then describes the relative merits of various materials and the basic requirements for cold forging dies. The chapter also covers die manufacturing processes, such as high-speed and hard machining, electrodischarge machining, and hobbing, and the use of surface treatments.
Prashant Mangukia, Die Materials and Die Manufacturing, Cold and Hot Forging: Fundamentals and Applications, Edited By Taylan Altan, Gracious Ngaile, Gangshu Shen, ASM International, 2005, p 277–293, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040277
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